The king of the dinosaurs. The star of Hollywood. No creature past or present more fascinates the human psyche then the tyrannosaurus rex. Typically some 40 feet (12 meters) in length and standing over 18 feet (5.6 m) tall, this gigantic monstrosity was in all truth a dreadful-looking creature. It had jaws three feet (1 m) long that were ringed with teeth 7 1/4 inches (18.4 centimeters) long. Like pointed daggers, they were seemingly designed to kill.
The most popular of the tyrannosaurs is a specimen named Sue. Discovered in 1990 and unveiled in 2000, "Sue" the T-Rex has become a world sensation. Here is some information regarding this notorious lady.
Sue was found August 12, 1990, in the Hell Creek Formation in Western South Dakota by Sue Hendrickson. The most complete and preserved skeleton of a T-Rex to date, she is 42 ft (12.8 m) long, 13 ft (4.0 m) tall at the hip, and weighed 7 tons when alive. Although referred to as "Sue" and "she," scientists don't know for certain whether the specimen is female. Most of Sue’s bones are in excellent condition and have a high degree of surface detail, making it possible to see where muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues rested against or attached to the bone. She had 58 teeth, measuring from 7 1/2 to 12 inches (19.05 to 30.5 centimeters) long, and her skull weighed 600 lbs (272 kg).
CAT scans of this massive skull reveal that Sue's senses were acute. For those familiar with Jurassic Park, this was hardly portrayed as the case. While Speilberg's tyrannosaur had both poor eyesight and smell, the real deal could probably see, smell, and hear very well. Best of all, however, was its sense of smell. The olfactory bulbs of a T-Rex were the size of a grapefruit, and the bundle of olfactory nerves leading to the brain was wider than the spinal cord.
In the beginning, Sue was thought to have "teeth marks" from other tyrannosaurs, but this theory is now rejected. Located in her jaw, the edges of the holes are smooth, while bite marks usually have rough edges and cracks. Scientists now think they were caused by a disease or infection. Sue also had a broken rib that was apparently in such state while she was still alive, as well as an infected left fibula (lower leg bone).
Sue: Evidence For Dino/Bird Evolution?
Sue hasn't simply been hailed as just a remarkable discovery. She has been hailed as a remarkable evolutionary discovery. On Sue, they found two bones that had never before been found on a T-Rex. They were:
1. A bone that "resembles a furcula, or wishbone", reportedly unique to birds.
2. An ear bone called the stirrup (stapes) which helps transmit sound to the inner ear. Usually, this is too delicate to be preserved.
The dino-to-bird dogma in light of Sue borders absurdity. Bias thinking sometimes reels its ugly head in subtle ways, other times in blatant ways. This is a clear case of the latter. Consider, while taking note of the photographs to the right:
1. The two shoulder blades in Sue are apparently joined by a small, slightly curved bone. To some scientists, what does this suggest? Why, that it is just like the wishbone of a bird's. Simply put, this is wishful wishbone thinking. A bird's wishbone is a specialized v-shaped bone, and very springy so that it can support wing motion. Sue's wishbone (it is with tremendous generosity that we refer to it as a wishbone), on the other hand, could not function at all like a bird's real wishbone.
2. A number of dinosaurs have hipbones that are very similar to birds, and are classified in the major group called the bird-hipped dinosaurs, or ornithischians (see ornithischians). As stated on TrueAuthority.com's Dinosaurs: About The Animals, "In ornithischians the bony structure that projected down and back from each side of the hips was composed by two bones, making their hips resemble that of birds. Interestingly, most dinosaurs that, in appearance, resembled a bird, possessed a lizard hip, whereas the large dinosaurs, such as the stegosaurus, possessed a bird hip. An interesting fact indeed, posing many questions to evolutionists. What bird of our day is the evolutionary descendant of the gigantic ankylosaur, stegosaurus, trachadon (30 feet long, 18 feet wide), iguanodon, or parasaurolophus?"
This question posed is one that the scientific community has "dealt" with. Those who promote the dino-to-bird theory believe that birds evolved from the lizard-hipped dinosaurs, or saurischians (see saurischians). A classic example is the velociraptor. In any case, what does this reveal? Similarities can often times hold no significance whatsoever, and scientists sometimes pick and choose what similarities they want to use as evolutionary evidence. While ornithischians have a hipbone like that of a bird, evolutionists don't use this similarity as evidence that birds descended from ornithischians. Indeed, it is with great strain to imagine a triceratops as the great grandfather of an ostrich.
Just A Few Alterations Needed To Change A Reptile Into A Bird:
· A variety of feathers
· Growth of wings
· Strengthening of certain muscles
· Higher blood sugar levels and body temperature levels
· Total revision of respiratory, nervous, and reproductive systems
· Lightening of bones
· New digestive system
· New "instinctive" behaviors
1. While birds have a lung system of tubes connected to valves and air-sacs, reptiles possess a bellows-type arrangement.
2. Whether certain folks like it or not, dinosaurs have the wrong anatomy for developing flight, with their large tails and hindlimbs, and short forelimbs.
And finally, as Dr. Alan Feduccia (evolutionist), professor and former chair of biology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, puts it: "There are insurmountable problems with that theory. Beyond what we have just reported, there is the time problem in that superficially bird-like dinosaurs occurred some 25 million to 80 million years after the earliest known bird, which is 150 million years old." (Authority Explorer - 9/02)
Sue's story is one of silence . . . silence for those wishing that our feathered friends of today were once those great and terrible lizards of yesterday. The facts just prove otherwise. Those still wishing to believe contrary are, like the ostrich, putting their heads in the sand.
1. Sue At The Field Museum, <http://www.fmnh.org/sue/default.htm>, 19 November 2002.
2. Creation Magazine, 22(4): 18-19, 2002.|
3. Authority Explorer, 'Study: Bird Hands Unlike Those Of Dinosaurs', September 2002.